Bluffy – Convert Shellcode Into Different Formats!
Bluffy is a utility which was used in experiments to bypass Anti-Virus products (statically) by formatting shellcode into realistic looking data formats.
Proof-of-concept tools, such as 0xBoku‘s Ninja_UUID_Runner and ChoiSG‘s UuidShellcodeExec, inspired the initial concept for Bluffy.
So far, we implemented:
$ python3 bluffy.py -h
Convert shellcode into ✨ different ✨ formats!
~ Michael Ranaldo
usage: Bluffy [-h] -b -o -m
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-b , --bin Specify bin file to load
-m , --mask Specify the mask for the shellcode
-x , --xor XOR the payload
-p , --preview Preview the created format
-pp, --payload_preview Preview the payload prior to C formatting
--list List all the available masks
Requirements and installation
The following items must be installed prior to using Bluff:
python3.9 or greater:
sudo apt install python3.9
sudo pip3 install rich
Depending on whether its going to be ran on Kali, Ubuntu 18, 19, 20, and so on, the process of getting and building with
pcre2.8 may be different.
For us on Ubuntu, it was developed on:
$ lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 21.04
In order to link
.a file had to be included within:
As for obtaining the header and lib files, MSYS2 was used. But if you’re smarter than us, then just do it from source for Mingw64: https://pcre.org/.
The simplest way to thus acquire and install is to run the following commands (after double checking your architecture etc.):
sudo apt install mingw-64
sudo wget https://packages.msys2.org/package/mingw-w64-x86_64-pcre2?repo=mingw64 -P /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-w64-mingw32/10-win32
To build a payload, get your binary file. For this example, we used calc.bin, which just loads calc.exe as a proof of concept. As Bluffy only seeks to evade static analysis using steganography, by hiding the binary within an otherwise innocuous file, you will need to do further research to ensure that your payload also evades dynamic detection.
bluffy, choosing a mask of your choice and providing your .bin file:
python ./bluffy.py -b calc.bin -m css -x
Check your payload, then build it. To build your payload, copy the .h file bluffy creates, rename it css.c, run make to build it to an executable, then test using the included examples directory:
mv css.h examples/css/css.h
This will use the included “main.c” to build an Windows executable. Test this to confirm. If you have also used calc.bin, you should be greeted by a new Calc window opening. If so, congratulations!
For more details on using Bluffy and a walkthrough of how it works and what the output looks like, check out our blog
Here is a full example: